Financial Terms


These are payments to shareholders from the company. Their type, frequency and size are determined by the board of directors, but these parameters come into force only after approval by the shareholde

Earnings per share (EPS)

This is the ratio of the company's net profit to the number of shares outstanding. Shows the effectiveness of her work and "strength" among competitors. Also used for making investment decisions.


An indicator that reflects the amount of a company's profit before deducting tax and interest payments, depreciation of its capital and depreciation deductions. Allows you to assess the profitability

Economic calendar

This is a calendar of events that are important from the point of view of the economy of a country or region. These can be scheduled events, informational releases, or publication of reports that may

Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs)

These are index funds, the shares of which are traded on the exchange under the guidance of the manager and repeat the structure of the underlying index, asset and exchange rate. ETFs provide an oppor


This is the international monetary market. The quotes presented on it are a direct representation of the value of one currency expressed in another. The main currency pair is EUR / USD. In addition, t

Free cash flow (FCF)

Surplus company funds available after all expenses and expenses. It is especially important for investors, since these funds will be used for distribution among shareholders, for example, for the paym


Futures contract - an agreement between the parties to sell an asset at a specified time at a specified price. It is a derivative that depends on the price of the underlying asset - stock, bond or com

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

The total cost of finished goods and services in the country for a quarter or a year. A simple calculation shows nominal GDP. To calculate the real, it is necessary to additionally take into account i

Hedge fund

It is a pool of assets managed by managers for the benefit of investors. Typically, such pools are created by LLCs or similar companies, designed to maximize the return on total capital.